Clipping large dog nails presents some unique challenges. It’s hard enough with any dog, but the thickness of a Danes nails and the shear strength of the dog make it all the more challenging to trim large dog nails. For this reason, many people leave this job up to the professionals, but if you don’t have that kind of cash and you’re not afraid of a small challenge, you can learn to care for your Great Dane’s nails.
Touch Their Feet
The first step is to get them used to the sensation of you touching their feet. I’ve never met a dog that enjoyed a pedicure -Great Danes are no different. When you touch their paws or nails they tend to pull it away or worse, run away. The first step to getting your Dane acclimated to having their nails trimmed is simply getting them used to you touching their feet.
In a quiet setting when you’re both laying on the floor (or couch depending on where you fall in the “should we let the dog on the furniture” debate), pick up a paw and gently start touching the nails. Use plenty of encouraging words and a soothing tone of voice. The goal here is to simply get them used to the idea of you touching their feet. This familiarity will help when you move to actually trimming the nails.
No real firm answer to this – every other week is a good place to start. Better to do a little at a time, more often, than waiting till they’re nails become talons. If your dog’s nails hit the floor while standing on a hard surface – if you hear them clicking as they walk through the house, it’s definitely time for a trim.
If it’s been a while and the nails are a bit out of hand, don’t try to take them back all at once. Trim a little bit once a week for a few weeks to help the quick recede. Once the nails are back to a good length you can go back to once every 2-3 weeks.
If the nails get too long it can affect the dog’s foot and ankle posture leading to joint pain and even arthritis.
The Great Debate: Clippers vs. Grinder
Lucy’s nails are black, making it impossible to see the quick and as with any Great Dane, her nails are also very thick making it difficult to use clippers. For these reasons I choose to use a grinder.
I use a cordless Dremel 8220. This unit is larger and spins over twice as fast as the smaller Dremel 7300-PT. The 7300 is marketed specifically for pet nail trimming, but the significantly higher speed and Lithium Ion batteries of the 8200 make it my choice. You might think it’s overkill but the faster rotation means the job gets done quicker which is good for everyone and the Lithium Ion batteries won’t lose their charge while the trimmer sits in a drawer. It’s always ready to go when I need it.
I’ve always been afraid of clipping too much, hitting the quick and getting a bleeder. The grinder let’s me take off a little at a time reducing the potential for hitting the quick. It may take some time for your pup to get used to the Dremel so I suggest starting slow. Start by doing one foot, give a treat, some praise and take a break. I often do Lucy’s front paws and release her to run around – work off some tension then call her back to do the hind paws.
My oldest brother is a blacksmith and farrier (a guy who shoes horses). I used to watch him trim horse hooves by pulling the foot up toward their hind quarters and work upside down. I’ve adopted a similar posture for doing Lucy’s nails.
It seems to be a natural and comfortable position for Lucy, it also lets me keep a firm grip on her foot while I support her leg on my knee.
I separate each toe press on it to extend the nail and support the nail to reduce vibration. Starting at the pad and stroke the grinder toward the tip, this will keep you from accidentally hitting the pad. I work the grinder across the bottom of the nail to clean up and smooth the underside. Then I start rolling over the tip to take off the length and shape it around to the top.
I’ve seen questions about which direction the grinder should be rotating. The Dremel is spinning so fast that this really isn’t a consideration. You can’t change the rotation direction on a Dremel any way – just use short strokes and keep the grinder moving. If you let it sit in one spot too long it can get hot and uncomfortable. (Not that anything about this process is comfortable).
If your pup just can’t deal with the grinder be sure to get some clippers big and strong enough for Great Dane nails. The typical guillotine style clippers are not typically strong enough to make a clean cut without you struggling. If you’re struggling it will not help your dog feel at-ease.
You want to get a clipper that will let you make a quick clean cut. A heavy-duty clipper with a sharp quality blade is important.
The upside-down position won’t work as well with clippers. You’ll want to approach the nail from the front. While sitting in a chair lift the paw onto your knee and take small clips at a time with an quick smooth motion. Cut the nail at a 45 degree angle from the floor taking a little at a time to be sure you don’t hit the quick. After trimming with clippers you’ll want to use a file to smooth the edges of the cut. (Another reason to just use the grinder.)
Ahh! It’s Bleeding!
If you clip dog nails it will happen. Don’t panic! Even the most experienced groomer will hit the quick once in a while.
The best thing to do is be prepared. Have a towel and a binding agent on hand. There are lots of products on the market for just such an occasion. (This fact alone should be enough to convince you that this is a common occurrence.)
Kwik Stop is a good binding agent to have at the ready. Just wipe off the blood with a towel and immediately press some Kwik Stop against it. Hold it there for a few seconds until the bleeding stops. If you have a bleeder and don’t have any Kwik Stop on hand I’ve heard you can use regular baking flour or corn starch from your kitchen although I’ve never tried it.
If you have a bleeder remain calm and have some towels and a binding agent of your choice on hand.
If you can get your pup used to the sensation, use a grinder – do it often – offer treats and lots of praise – it’s not just for looks, it’s for good health.
One of the biggest things you can do is stay calm. If you’re stressed out, the dog will pick up on that and get stressed out along with you. Using a calm and soothing voice, keep offering reassurance like; “You’re being a good girl – what a good girl – that’s a girl, easy – almost done…” you get the idea. If you sound stressed they’ll be stressed. So “Stay Calm and Trim on” (sorry I had to say that).
Remember, we’re in this together.